Anatomy of skin disorders afflicting Australian mangoes
Lenticel discoloration (LD), under-skin browning (USB) and resin canal disorder (RCD) are three important fruit skin disorders of concern to the Australian mango industry. They result in downgrading of fruit quality and loss of market confidence. LD is confined to the discoloration of lenticels on the fruit skin. USB is a sub-surface spreading grey-brown lesion that may only become evident in the marketplace. RCD is a dark brown discoloration of the finely branched pattern of ramifying sub-surface resin canals. These three browning disorders were compared and contrasted at the cellular level by light microscopy after free-hand sectioning. Discoloured lenticels on the surface of 'Honey Gold' mango fruit typically appeared as small round spots comprised of a dark brown centre surrounded by a white corona. Non-coloured lenticels were visible as small round spots surrounded by a white corona. In cross-section, there was browning of cells surrounding the cavity of discoloured lenticels. Nonetheless, there was no such browning in non-coloured lenticels. USB symptoms in 'Honey Gold' fruit were evident as dark-brown cells in the tissue surrounding the resin ducts. In contrast, RCD, which was evident in 'Kensington Pride' mango fruit, was characterised by browning of the lumen of resin ducts. Accordingly, LD, USB and RCD involve different browning biology processes at the cell and tissue levels. A greater understanding of symptom development and expression could aid in informed management of these physiological disorders.
San, A.T., Webb, R.I., Joyce, D.C., Hofman, P.J., Macnish, A.J. and Smyth, H.E. (2017). Anatomy of skin disorders afflicting Australian mangoes. Acta Hortic. 1183, 331-336
Mangifera indica, lenticel discoloration, resin canal disorder, under-skin browning