Trends in world mango production and marketing
Mangoes are commercially cultivated in both the tropics and subtropics at latitudes of 37°N in Sicily, Italy, through to 33°S in South Africa. According to FAO statistics of 2012, mango is produced in 100 countries (103 including Spain, Portugal and Italy, not listed by the FAO). Due to this wide geographic distribution and the development of cultural techniques that allow out of season flowering, it is possible to supply world markets all year around. Despite the number of mango-producing countries stabilising in the last decade, world mango production has increased considerably and constantly: 15,700×103 tons in 1990, 25,040×103 tons in 2000, 30,880×103 tons in 2006 and 42,140×103 tons in 2012 (these statistics include mangosteens and guava). Currently, the leading exporters are Mexico, Brazil, Pakistan, Peru, and India. With the exception of Asian countries (the Asian continent produces 76% of the total world production) where consumer preference is oriented towards taste rather than colour, and in which Australian new cultivars are making a breakthrough, the Floridian cultivars 'Tommy Atkins', 'Haden', 'Kent', 'Keitt', and more recently the Mexican cultivar 'Ataulfo', especially in the US, dominate the global export market. The increase of plantings in all continents since the beginning of the century, probably as a response to the increased world market demand of this commodity, now a well-known item in the housewife basket in the Occidental world, coupled with improved cultural techniques suggests there will be new increases in world production in the medium term.
Galán Saúco, V. (2017). Trends in world mango production and marketing. Acta Hortic. 1183, 351-364
trade, cultivars, consumption, prices