An assessment of current status, future trends and opportunities for improving mango production in Ghana
Ghana has a very young, rapidly expanding, mango sector with commercial production commencing from the early 2000s. Fresh export has proved challenging but significant processing industries which produce dried and fresh-cut mango have emerged as leading players. Despite considerable potential for mango production and the steady growth in yields over the last decade, mango production in Ghana is being constrained by a number of technical, agronomic and structural problems. Eastern and Brong Ahafo regions of Ghana are the leading areas of mango production. Of the total mango production in Ghana, 60% is under small-scale production of less than 15 acres. A traditional system based on big trees and rain feeding and dominated by one cultivar ('Keitt') makes up 94% of all mangoes established. Over-reliance upon a single cultivar has resulted in large seasonal variation in production and a short production window. Crop failure, due to failure to induce flowering and flower death, is common in Ghana's highly unpredictable rainfall pattern. Pest infestations caused by fruit fly and increasingly mango seed weevil have undermined efforts to promote fresh export and are a major cause of reject fruit. As a young industry, there is not the experience or technical know-how required to address these issues. Inadequate infrastructure hampers the integration of more rural farmers and further raises the cost and risk of production and export of mangoes from Ghana. It is estimated that Ghana has a little over 12,000 acres under mango production which produces about 23,000 t year-1. Acreages are increasing by 1000-2000 acres year-1 and establishments are continuing. From the total mangoes produced, 40% are exported in any form, with the rest being consumed on the local markets. The private sector have been at the forefront of advancing the mango sector by raising standards and encouraging moves towards higher density and small tree systems, introduction of new cultivars, building farmers' capacity, inputs accessibility and export market promotion. In recent years, there has been a concerted effort to assist farms to achieve Global GAP certification.
Komayire, D. (2017). An assessment of current status, future trends and opportunities for improving mango production in Ghana. Acta Hortic. 1183, 365-372
value chain, orchard management, 'Keitt', fresh cut, export, tree size