Design proposal to increase functionality and enhance the landscape by native plants at the archaeological site of Kolona, Aegina Island, Greece
The archaeological site of Kolona, Aegina Island, Greece includes settlements dating back to the prehistoric era up to the byzantine times and is characterized by the Archaic-Hellenistic acropolis and the temple of Apollo, dating back to late 6th century BC (BCE). The site, including an archaeological museum in its ground, is open for visit and it is preserved in a good condition. The movement of the visitor is partly defined through a natural path to the different areas; however, a new configuration is necessary to enhance the existing paths and integrate interactive rest areas. In addition, the Athens Charter for the Restoration of Historic Monuments dictates that "A study should also be made of the ornamental vegetation most suited to certain monuments [ ] from the point of view of preserving their ancient character". The use of native species, as ornamentals in archaeological sites surroundings design and plantings, is adapted to the ecological and historical environment and reflects the Greek landscape. The establishment of such species in archaeological sites could ameliorate the aesthetics of the site and increase the number of visitors, while providing additional education on use and symbolism of plant species in historic cultures, as well as on matters of biodiversity. The current proposal aims to guide the visitor through all the important spots of the site in order to admire the ancient remains in combination with the natural landscape, whose local character is designated by the use of native plants that form the vegetation of the site. The proposed plant species were selected based on their aesthetic and symbolic value and low maintenance requirements, combined with the lack of aggression towards the monument.
Papafotiou, M., Marco Martínez, G., Petrocheilou, A and Kanellou, E. (2017). Design proposal to increase functionality and enhance the landscape by native plants at the archaeological site of Kolona, Aegina Island, Greece. Acta Hortic. 1189, 93-96
ornamental plants, Mediterranean historical site, restoration, Athens Charter