Distinctive features of productive landscapes in Persian gardens
The Iranian garden's green space can be divided into fructiferous which is the utilitarian agriculture, and ornamental which is the recreational and pleasure garden. This article will discuss the distinctive features of the fruitful-agricultural greenery in some selected Persian gardens in Iran of which some have been registered as World Heritage sites. Based on the field studies and analytical-descriptive methods, three first hand and fundamental characteristics which can be transferred to the future urban agriculture landscape will be discussed. Landscape personality, landscape identity, and landscape accessibility are three major characteristics of the utilitarian green spaces which are embedded in the Persian garden's spatial and physical system. The distinctive features of agricultural landscape differ from the ornamental, due to the permanent-large-continuous planting spaces, permanent plant elements, specific planting design and its particular environmental design. The landscape identity consists of: cultural identity, climate identity, and contextual identity. Furthermore, Persian gardens demonstrate the hierarchical access to productive greenery and edible yields by the application of accessibility politics which consist of a range from full physical access to complete interrupted visual continuity through spatial planning and creative environmental design. In conclusion, the results of this study show the significance of historical green spaces by introducing the criteria of agricultural landscape planning and design. Specifying this point of view, the design of urban agriculture landscape does not only use productive green elements, but rather landscape personality, landscape identity, and landscape accessibility as focal points of that process.
Khalilnezhad, S.M.R. (2017). Distinctive features of productive landscapes in Persian gardens. Acta Hortic. 1189, 35-38
edible landscape, Persian garden, personality, identity, accessibility, principles