Design principles of botanical gardens
This paper focusses on design knowledge enabling to improve the design quality of botanical gardens. Attention will be paid to specific design approaches for botanical gardens that can be used in contemporary practice. The research method is partly based on literature analysis, partly on analysis of plans and partly on fieldwork. Overall, the principles of case study research are applied to research on design knowledge for day-to-day practice. The design principles of some historical and contemporary examples of botanical gardens will be analysed. It results in an elaboration of a contemporary design approach on the structural level. It focusses on continuity and development in which the structure enables continuity in the long run and at the same time allows for changes, developments and interventions on the short term. Botanical gardens offer a characteristic contribution to the rich diversity of the palette of urban green spaces and to the urban landscape in general. Designers can contribute by their ideas and realisation of those ideas in extending the diversity and specific quality of those urban landscapes.
van den Toorn, M.W.M. (2017). Design principles of botanical gardens. Acta Hortic. 1189, 323-328
landscape architecture, design means, design as transformation, new urban landscapes