European immigration influences in cottage garden cultivation in southern Brazil
This work aimed to assess the extent to which immigration from Europe to Brazil in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, affected the garden landscape style developed in the Southern Country Region. It sought to discuss the historical and cultural importance of these gardens, to profile the garden owners and identify the main ornamental plant species used. Twenty countryside home gardens, cultivated in the Tijucas do Sul County, Parana State (25°55'41"S, 49°11'56"W), and whose style is typical of those in the three Southern States (Parana, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul States) were investigated. Results showed that most owners are of European descent and that although the gardens are cultivated with adapted plant species, they resemble the Cottage Gardens of the English and French countryside. Trends that became apparent from the research were; the gardens comprise of great plant diversity, they follow the style of 18th/19th century English and French cottage gardens by copying specific locations and the owners/gardeners demonstrate traditional knowledge of plant cultivation. This garden style was strongly influenced by the European immigration movement and it is important to preserve theses gardens as a reference point to this period of Brazilian history, and its impact on the landscape. Authorities involved with Brazil's historical and cultural heritage should care for these gardens and encourage the retention of the traditional horticultural skills in future generations to ensure these gardens are preserved, and do not become extinct.
Pereira, G.R. and Cuquel, F.L. (2017). European immigration influences in cottage garden cultivation in southern Brazil. Acta Hortic. 1189, 343-348
landscape, gardening, cultural memory, traditional knowledge