Carob tree: a suitable species for the future
Global warming, environmental stresses and other limitations demand for more attention to minor (or underutilized or neglected) crops. One of these valuable multifunctional neglected crops is carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua L.). There are several trees of this species in different parts of the south of Iran, especially in Kazeroon (Shapoor cave, ancient area). So, this species is potentially suitable for arid and semi-arid climates of Iran. Carob is an evergreen and dioecious tree in the Fabaceae family. Genotypes of carob tree show great tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses such as pests and diseases, drought, salinity, high pH (calcareous soil), high summer temperatures (up to 50°C), air pollution and low soil fertility. The sugary pulp of pod is used as animal and human food. A useful gum is extracted from carob seeds. Carob tree is also useful as an ornamental and for landscaping, windbreak and afforestation. This review will discuss carob potentials and how its growing will be expanded in proper areas of Iran.
Eshghi, S., Rostami, A.A. and Jamali, B. (2018). Carob tree: a suitable species for the future. Acta Hortic. 1190, 67-70
Ceratonia siliqua L., environmental stress, food, gum, underutilized crops