Introduction to sweet persimmon industry and advances in cultural practices in the Republic of Korea
Sweet (non-astringent) persimmon is still one of the most popular fruit crops in the Republic of Korea, but the industry has been with considerable challenges for the last 15 years. The growing area of sweet persimmon decreased from 23,816 ha in 2000 to 11,849 ha in 2015, while astringent persimmon (PCA and PVA types) increased from 7,377 to 15,185 ha during the same period. Decreased consumption of fresh fruits, aging of the growers, frequent damage due to climatic conditions, and increasing fruit importation are major industry issues. Persimmon research has been focused on producing quality fruit with reduced labor cost. Techniques to control tree height and vigorous shoot growth have improved tree architecture for better reception of light, which also reduced production cost. The effects of frost damage in spring and autumn on shoot and fruit growth have been determined and cultural management practices for the damaged trees developed. Important research achievements also include fruiting control and nutrient management for stable production of high quality fruits.
Choi, S.T., Kim, S.C., Ahn, G.H., Park, D.S., Son, J.Y. and Kim, E.S. (2018). Introduction to sweet persimmon industry and advances in cultural practices in the Republic of Korea. Acta Hortic. 1195, 17-22
frost damage, fruiting control, labor saving, nutrient management, tree vigor