Persimmon collection in Nikita Botanical Gardens; its history and practical use
The first (unsuccessful) introduction of persimmon in Nikita Botanical Gardens was in 1819. Later, in 1901 a small plantation was established using nursery plants of 10 persimmon cultivars from France. This plantation was the starting point for introduction of persimmon in the Crimea. The collection was enriched in 1937, when the Department of Subtropical Crops was founded at Nikita Botanical Gardens. Today the collection consists of 87 cultivars and genotypes of three botanical species: Diospyros kaki Thunb., Diospyros virginiana L., and Diospyros lotus L. The best cultivars of Nikita Botanical Gardens were obtained as a result of inter-species and intra-species crossing. The detailed study of this germplasm allowed us to classify the persimmon cultivars and select the most favorable ones by their horticultural characteristics (productivity, fruit quality, and resistance to diseases). The evaluation of cultivar suitability for environment and management styles is described.
Khokhlov, S. and Plugatar, Y. (2018). Persimmon collection in Nikita Botanical Gardens; its history and practical use. Acta Hortic. 1195, 23-28
persimmon, cultivars, group, crop, fruit quality