Biological and technological properties of olive 'Arbequina' grown in Montenegro

M. Adakalić, B. Lazović, T. Perović, S. Ljutica
'Arbequina' is recommended as a cultivar of low vigour, early entry to the productive period, self-fertile and of high and regular fertility, suitable for growing in intensive plantations. The first high-density orchard to be planted with this cultivar in Montenegro was planted in 2006 in the area of Podgorica. Since 2010, new orchards have been planted at several locations in the area of Podgorica and on the coast in the vicinity of Ulcinj in monovarietal and mixed plantations. Research was carried out in the period 2014-2015 in the areas of Podgorica and Ulcinj. The following parameters were monitored: flowering and ripening period, productivity, characteristics of fruit and endocarp and oil content in the fruit. Blossoming at both sites took place in the second half of May and the beginning of ripening in the first decade of October in both years. Fruit yield was significantly higher in 2015. The results showed that average fruit weight ranged from 1.60 g in the area of Podgorica to 1.87 g in Ulcinj, while the fruit-flesh ratio was similar in both areas, 82.5 and 83.96% respectively, as well as endocarp weight (0.28 and 0.29 g, respectively). The average oil content in the fresh matter was low, from 11.65% in Podgorica to 13.99% in Ulcinj, while in dry matter it was higher in the area of Podgorica, at 30.92%.
Adakalić, M., Lazović, B., Perović, T. and Ljutica, S. (2018). Biological and technological properties of olive 'Arbequina' grown in Montenegro. Acta Hortic. 1199, 153-158
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1199.25
olive orchards, flowering, fruit properties, fruit flesh ratio, oil content

Acta Horticulturae