Rambling roses in the landscape of the southern coast of the Crimea: historical traditions of their use
Rambling roses have been cultivated on the southern coast of the Crimea since 1812, when they were introduced by the Nikita Botanical Gardens for the very first time. It was determined that the climatic conditions of the southern coast of the Crimea were suitable to display all the advantages of rambling roses for use in a landscape design. Shrubs of rambling roses (R. banksiae Aiton. 'Lutea', R. banksiae Aiton. 'Alba', R. bracteata Wendl., R. multiflora Thunb., R. fortuneana Lem., 'Duc de Constantine', 'Marechal Niel', 'Fortune's Double Yellow', 'Veilchenblau', 'Alberic Barbier', 'Felicite et Perpetue', 'Dorothy Perkins', 'White Dorothy', 'Amulet', 'Comtesse Elisabeth Woronzow', 'Belle de Nikita') 100 years old were found in some historical gardens, as well as in the gardens of numerous estates, built in the southern coast of the Crimea at the end of 19th to the beginning of the 20th century. Along with them, more modern cultivars of rambling roses were found, including those bred in the Nikita Botanical Gardens. For scientific research, historical traditions of locally grown rambling roses were analyzed. It turned out that in the landscape of memorial complexes, these roses were used for the vertical landscaping of fences and the walls of buildings, to create sheds and tunnels twined by roses, and to decorate rocks and slopes. The use of rambling roses is characterized by the direction of their shoots along cedars and cypresses making a highly ornamental effect, as during the flowering period these trees are all in blossom. Another historical tradition is a combined planting of early-blooming forms of rambling roses with species of the Wisteria genus to make a color contrast during simultaneous blossoming. Nowadays rambling roses are widespread and an essential element of the southern coast of the Crimea landscape.
Plugatar, Yu.V., Klimenko, Z.K., Plugatar, S.A., Zykova, V.K. and Kravchenko, I.N. (2018). Rambling roses in the landscape of the southern coast of the Crimea: historical traditions of their use. Acta Hortic. 1201, 655-658
cultivar, greening, garden rose collection, landscape design, Nikita Botanical Gardens