Guava cultivars of the world
Guava is mainly a self-pollinated crop but cross pollination does occur. This results in large variability in the seedling population from which promising genotypes have been selected in different countries. There are more than 400 guava cultivars, but only a few dozen are commercially cultivated. Some of the well-known selections from India are Allahabad Safeda, Sardar (Lucknow-49), Lalit, Swetha, Arka Mridula and the hybrids Safed Jam, Kohir Safeda, Arka Amulya and Arka Kiran. The important cultivars of Brazil include Paluma, Rica, Pedro Sato, Seculo XXI and Sassaoka. Media China and China are the two major cultivars of Mexico. Cultivars Enana Roja, Cubana, EEA 1-23 are popular in Cuba. The most popular cultivars of Vietnam are Le Dai loan, Nu hoang, Khong hat, Xa li nghe, Ruot do, Se and Tim. Cultivars Jen-Ju, Di Wan, Pearl and Rainbow are grown commercially in Taiwan. In South Africa, Fan Retief, and TS-G2 are commercially grown. Kim Ju, Pan Si Thong and Sa Li Thong are commercially grown in Thailand. In Florida, two type pink and green cultivars are grown. Pink type include Homestead, Barbi Pink, Blitch, Hong Kong Pink, Patillo and the green type include Crystal, Lotus, Supreme and Webber while in Hawaii, Beaumont and Ka Hua Kula, are popular cultivars. Cultivars Kampuchea, GU4, Gu5 and Gu7 are grown in Malaysia. Some of the Indian cultivars like Safeda, Allahabad, Lucknow-49, Red Fleshed, Seedless, Kerala and Apple Colour are popular in Pakistan. Introduced cultivars of Australia are Allahabad Safeda and Lucknow from India and Beaumont and Ka Hua Kula from USA. The major objectives of hybridization/selection of cultivars in all countries are high yielding, high fruit quality, fewer soft seeds, attractive skin and pulp colour, long storage life and wilt resistant. This paper briefly discussed the situation of guava cultivars in the major guava growing countries of the world.
Mitra, S.K. and Thingreingam Irenaeus, K.S. (2018). Guava cultivars of the world. Acta Hortic. 1205, 905-910
selection, hybridization, soft-seeded, wilt and nematode resistant