Determination of appropriate irrigation time based on rewatering water-use efficiency
Photosynthesis, water potential (Ψ) and carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity of leaves of Orychophragmus violaceus were examined in the course of drought and rewatering. Leaves were exposed to drought stress induced by poly-ethylene glycol (PEG) 6000 at 5 levels (1, 2, 4, 8% and 0 as control) for 4 h, which was regarded as drought phase. Then the leaves which were soaked in 1, 2, 4, 8% were transferred into control, 1, 2, 4%, respectively, which was regarded as rewatering phase and lasted for 2 h. In drought phase, CA activity of O. violaceus was activated under 2% and became the highest in 4%. CA of leaves translated HCO3- into H2O, CO2 and provided water for O. violaceus. And values of Ψ could remain stable between levels ranging from 1 to 4% during drought and rewatering phases, but the decrease of Ψ did not cause decline in net photosynthetic rate (PN) or stomatal conductance (gs) in 8%. Water regulation caused by enzymes, such as CA in plants, changed the water status; reduced the accuracy of diagnosis of water deficit using Ψ, PN or gs. Therefore, rewatering water-use efficiency (WUER) which meant increment of PN per increment of water content (WC) in leaves of O. violaceus from drought to rewatering phase was defined. Higher WUER meant better rewatering effect on plants when they suffered from drought stress. Value of WUER3^2 in leaves were the highest. It was better to provide water for leaf of O. violaceus under 2% (-0.22 MPa osmotic stress or 17.5% water content in loam soil). Soil water potential after rewatering was better to be -0.14 MPa (1% PEG level or 17.9% water content in loam soil). The results provided a general method to determine appropriate irrigation times for crops.
Xing, D.K., Wu, Y.Y., Yu, R., Wu, Y.S. and Javed, Q. (2018). Determination of appropriate irrigation time based on rewatering water-use efficiency. Acta Hortic. 1205, 371-380
carbonic anhydrase, photosynthesis, drought, water potential