A new early-season peach cultivar 'Yuznaya Garmonia'
'Yuznaya Garmonia' is a new peach cultivar, which originated from a cross between 'Veteran' and 'Cardinal' by Z.N. Perfilieva, V.P. Orehova and V.K. Smykov at the Nikita Botanical Gardens - National Scientific Centre RAS (NBG-NSC). The seeds from the controlled cross were stratified and grown in the field nursery. The trees were established at a spacing of 3×5 m and trained as open vase. Seven grafted trees were evaluated for tree and fruit characteristics. The evaluation of this cultivar was done in the comparison with the control cultivars 'Redhaven' and 'Golden Jubilee' peaches. Tree vigor, bloom, maturity date and fruit size were monitored annually. Trees are moderately vigorous and the growth habit of the trees is semi-upright. It has showy flowers and blooms in mid-April at Yalta, the Crimea Republic. The fruits ripen in late July. This is a self-fertilizing cultivar. The average fruit weight is 130 g, the maximum weight is 160 g. The fruits are attractively colored with a dark-red blush that covers more than 75% of the skin surface. The flesh is yellow and firmness, soft-melting type. Fruit intended for the fresh fruit market. This cultivar showed less susceptibility to powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca pannosa (Lév.) Woronich) than 'Redhaven' and 'Golden Jubilee'. A plant patent was filed for 'Yuznaya Garmonia' nursery production in Russian Federation in 2015.
Smykov, A., Fedorova, O., Shishova, T. and Ivashchenko, Iu. (2018). A new early-season peach cultivar 'Yuznaya Garmonia'. Acta Hortic. 1208, 105-108
peach, new cultivar, cross, early-season, fruit