Fungistasis effect of Lamiaceae herbs on several Fusaria causing horticultural plant diseases
The antifungal effect of Lamiaceae herbs has been used in medicine and food. However, the effect on plant diseases remains unclear. In this study, the fungistasis of 10 species of Lamiaceae herb extracts was estimated. Extracts (0.5 and 2%) of shoots and roots in several herbs had suppression in propagation of 4 Fusaria, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. fragariae, cyclaminis, melonis, and lycopersici in Czapek-Dox medium in vitro. In this case, shoot and root extracts of oregano (Origanum vulgare L.), lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.), hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) and sage (Salvia officinalis L.) showed higher suppression in propagation with sage and lemon balm being the most effective. Basil (Ocinum basilicum) and dark opal (Ocinum spp.) showed suppression only in F. o. lycopersici, and no suppression occurred among the fungi in peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) and lambRSQUOs ear (Stachys byzantina K.). From these findings, some Lamiaceae herb extracts showed fungistasis effect to 4 Fusaria in horticultural plant diseases.
Matsubara, Y., Hiraki, Y., Liu, J. and Haque, S.I. (2018). Fungistasis effect of Lamiaceae herbs on several Fusaria causing horticultural plant diseases. Acta Hortic. 1208, 375-378
Fusarium oxysporum, fungistasis, lemon balm, sage, oregano, hyssop