Fresh-cut fruit industry in Malaysia: status and challenges
Fresh-cut fruit is a growing sector of the food industry in many parts of the world. Its success depends greatly on several factors, especially the quality and consumers' confidence. Products are prepared in ready to-eat form whilst retaining the organoleptic characteristics of fresh fruits in terms of aroma, flavour, taste, colour and texture. Appropriate methods of preparation are obligatory in order to maintain their freshness. The preparation involves cleaning, washing, trimming, coring, slicing and other related steps of which many of these processes hasten the products to perish. Intensive research in the fresh-cut fruit processing has been conducted by using government funding as well as working in collaboration with the private sectors. Presently, the technology for commercial handling of fresh-cut fruits, namely, durian, jackfruit and pineapples has been successfully developed. Export trial for fresh cut jackfruit and pineapple by air shipment to the Netherlands had been successfully conducted in 2006. This was followed by a sea shipment trial of fresh-cut durian to Hong Kong in 2008. A cold truck trial for exportation of fresh-cut durian, pineapple and jackfruit to Singapore was also successfully conducted in 2009. In 2010, export trial for fresh-cut jackfruit was conducted to Dubai by using air shipment. Depending on the fruits, the fresh-cut products can be stored for 2-3 weeks at 2°C. An effective quality assurance program has been incorporated in the technology development to ensure the products are safe for consumers. Currently, fresh-cut jackfruit has been exported regularly by four companies to the Europe, Dubai and Singapore markets. Consumer demand for fresh-cut products is an increasing trend, leading to further development and growth of the industry. This paper discusses the current status and challenges of the fresh-cut fruits industry in Malaysia. Issues involved in maintaining both quality and safety of the fresh-cut produce will also be emphasized.
Latifah, M.N., Abdullah, H., Ab Aziz, I. , Nur Aida, M.P., Fauziah, O. and Talib, Y. (2018). Fresh-cut fruit industry in Malaysia: status and challenges. Acta Hortic. 1209, 79-86
fresh-cut, status, product behaviour, challenges