Study on the supply chains and the potency of the use of cold storage to extend shelf life of shallot (Allium ascalonicum L.) in Indonesia
The objectives of this study were to identify the supply chain of shallot in the production center area in Indonesia and to analyze the potency of the use of cold storage in minimizing losses and extending the shelf life of shallot. The study was carried out in Brebes district, the biggest production center for shallot in Indonesia. The identification of supply chain in the Brebes indicated that the supply chain actors for shallot consisted of the farmers, local collectors, large collectors/traders, and retailer. Large collectors/traders usually have a storage facility and mostly non-refrigerated storage. The proposed idea in this study was the use of cold storage to delay the marketing during high production and send to the market during off-season. The simulation result shows that the delay of marketing increases the profit of the supply chain actors. The storage cost for those shallots stored at the cold storage facility is 769 IDR kg-1 month-1 compared with for those stored at traditional storage, i.e., 150 IDR kg-1 month-1. The analysis of added value using the Hayami formula indicated that the shallot stored at cold storage resulted in 9,993 IDR compared to shallot stored at traditional storage, i.e., 6,600 IDR. This result shows that the application of cold storage in delay of marketing during off-season gives an alternative solution in shallot marketing in Indonesia.
Purwanto, Y.A., Shalihy, W. and Ahmad, U. (2018). Study on the supply chains and the potency of the use of cold storage to extend shelf life of shallot (Allium ascalonicum L.) in Indonesia. Acta Hortic. 1210, 103-108
cold storage, losses, shallot, shelf life, supply chain