Growth and yield of litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) in Wayanad, Western Ghats region in Kerala

S.D. Chavaradar, K. Ajithkumar
A survey was conducted during 2015-2016 in Wayanad district of Kerala, situated in the Western Ghats region of India. The flowering of litchi in Wayanad starts from August where fruit matures in the months of December and January. Due to its off-season nature in this region, farmers fetch premium price in the market, when no crop from North India is available. Wayanad areas has optimum climatic conditions for off-season cultivation of this crop. Hence the crop has immense potential to become a major crop in the future, not only for domestic supply but also for the export. In this context a survey was conducted and 32 selected genotypes from different parts of Wayanad were evaluated. The observation on morphological characters, viz., plant height, crown shape, branching pattern and age of the tree; flowering characters, viz., time of flowering, duration of flowering to fruit set and yield parameters, viz., number of fruits per cluster, fruit weight and yield per plant were recorded. The study revealed that the yield per plant varied from 0-30 kg.
Chavaradar, S.D. and Ajithkumar, K. (2018). Growth and yield of litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) in Wayanad, Western Ghats region in Kerala. Acta Hortic. 1211, 187-190
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1211.27
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1211.27
off-season, morphological characters, flowering, fruits, yield
English

Acta Horticulturae