Medicinal plants in the agricultural family
The cultivation of medicinal plants is an alternative to familiar agriculture in Brazil. Phytotherapy was implemented as a therapeutic option in the country since 2006. However, there is a shortage of herbal producers to supply the production chain of herbal medicines. According to the norms, the organic cultivation of medicinal plants must have technology quality and active principles. Most of the species that are already used in Brazil are interrelated to family inheritance, varying between communities. Domestication to implement orchards or family farms passes through challenges related to edaphic factors, with emphasis on the various types of soil and micro-climates. In this sense, since 2009, work has been done in agro-technology for 13 medicinal species to be used in the living pharmacies of Minas Gerais state. The choice of these species was due to people's diseases prevalent in the state and the need for natural drug insertion that would collaborate and permeate the treatment adherence. The cultivation technologies developed are passed to farmers through courses, workshops and field days in specific communities and events. These technologies to obtain better fresh mass and chemical marker contents included: domestication studies, plant nutrition and fertilizer doses, season and harvest time, irrigation and water stress, postharvest, etc. In order to evaluate the treatments used in each species the contents of secondary compounds (chemical markers) were measured quarterly to determine the best productivity/area. Still in the sense of generating income for the farmers, technologies for postharvest and storage of the vegetal drug (dry plant) were developed for the short and long-term commercialization and obtaining derivative products such as oils, essences, extracts and syrups.
das Dores, R.G.R., Fonseca, M.C.M., Sedyama, M.A.N., Finger, F.L. and Casali, V.W.D. (2018). Medicinal plants in the agricultural family. Acta Hortic. 1215, 181-184
agro technologies, chemical products, organic cultivation, production chain