Effects of urban Pinus sylvestris (L.) plantation sites on thermal comfort
Environmental problems in urban areas cause a decline in life quality. It is well-known that working in a place where people feel peaceful and comfortable affects productivity positively. Urban green areas and plantation ecosystems have great importance for more healthy generations. The city of Erzurum is located at 1850-2000 m altitude on a dish-like topography. The number and diversity of plant species are limited because of the great difference between day-time and night temperatures as a typical characteristic of the continental climate. The main goal of this study was to assess commonly used Pinus sylvestris (L.) plantations with different densities and ages on urban thermal comfort. This study was carried at four different Pinus sylvestris (L.) plantations established on the same altitude during July, August and September 2016. The measurements were taken between 12:00-14:00 h, at which the air temperature is at its maximum, as an average of at least six different measurement points at each plantation site. The results indicated that air temperature was lower at least 3.4-5.2°C in different plantation sites as compared to that of the city. The effects of Pinus sylvestris (L.) plantations on thermal comfort were evaluated based upon differences in plant ages and plantation spaces. Suggestions on more livable urban design and planning for thermal comfort were also offered for city planners.
Yilmaz, S., Yilmaz, H., Irmak, M.A., Kuzulugil, A.C. and Koç, A. (2018). Effects of urban Pinus sylvestris (L.) plantation sites on thermal comfort. Acta Hortic. 1215, 39-44
trees, thermal comfort, urban plantation, ArcGIS 10.2