Green roofs and green façades for improving sustainability of towns
Nowadays, buildings in Europe account for a consumption of 40% of total energy use and about 65% of total electricity consumption. According to the European Directive on the energy performance of buildings (EPBD Directive), solutions such as green roofs and green walls can help to reduce energy consumptions and the greenhouse gases emissions by buildings. The installation of plant systems covering some surfaces of the building allows to reach an improvement of the building's energy efficiency mainly by reducing the energy demand for cooling in warm periods. The green layers used for buildings contribute to improve thermal insulation, since they reduce the direct solar radiation while the evaporative cooling contributes to create a better local microclimate. This paper provides the first data collected by a green wall prototype in progress at ENEA Casaccia Centre to investigate the effects of this natural green solution on the energy efficiency of buildings. The project was funded by the Programme Research of Electrical System, and is being carried out in cooperation with the Universities of Pisa, Bari and Viterbo.
Bibbiani, C., Campiotti, A., Giagnacovo, G., Incrocci, L., Pardossi, A., Latini, A., Schettini, E. and Vox, G. (2018). Green roofs and green façades for improving sustainability of towns. Acta Hortic. 1215, 333-336
energy efficiency, green roof, green walls, GRW, green infrastructures, urban ecology