Asparagus decline and replant problem: A look back and a look forward at strategies for mitigating losses
Asparagus decline and the replant problem were both defined in the 1950s, but had been noted in asparagus fields long before. Although both conditions share many of the same features, there are distinct differences in the host symptoms and in the age of the field during the onset of symptoms. A number of factors contribute to both disorders. Abiotic factors, such as allelopathic residues, acidic soils, soil compaction, winter crown injury, and excessive harvest pressure, along with biotic agents like insects, weeds, and diseases contribute to decline and the replant problem. Toxic asparagus residues remain the major stressor in the replant problem. Although cultivar improvements along with close attention to reducing stress and disease outbreaks have lessened the damage from asparagus decline and the replant problem, these disorders still make serious inroads into field longevity and yield potential. The presentation will synthesize the results of numerous studies designed to enhance soil health and reduce asparagus decline and the replant problem. An assessment of the direction for future research projects will be presented.
Elmer, W. (2018). Asparagus decline and replant problem: A look back and a look forward at strategies for mitigating losses. Acta Hortic. 1223, 195-204
allelopathy, mycorrhiza, Fusarium sp., Puccinia sp., Phytophthora sp., Stemphylium sp., Asparagus virus