Biochemical characterisation of fruit juice from two yellow passion fruit genotypes as influenced by poultry manure rates
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of varying poultry manure rates (0, 10, 20, 30, 40 t ha-1) on the biochemical characteristics of fruit juice obtained from two yellow passion fruit genotypes (Conventional Nigerian local genotype and KPF-4 Kenya passion fruit number 4 a hybrid). Five fresh fruits were picked directly from yellow passion fruit plants that previously received these five varying rates of poultry manure (PM). The fruit juices were assayed for composition, of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, iron, zinc, physicochemical pH, total soluble solid, total titratable acidity, vitamins A and C, tannin, saponin, phytate, oxalate, flavonoid and phenol. The results were analysed using 2×5 split plot in completely randomized design with four replications. The Conventional genotype had higher percentage crude protein and dry matter compositions but lower moisture content than KPF-4. The crude fat, crude fibre, total ash and nitrogen free extract compositions were similar in both genotypes. The total ash increased progressively with increase in poultry manure rates. Juice from Conventional had higher N, K, Na and acidity but lower Ca than KPF-4. Poultry manure significantly (p<0.05) increased the N and Zn concentrations in the Conventional and KPF-4, respectively. Total soluble solid increased with poultry manure application and peaked at 20 t ha-1. The vitamin A and C contents of the juice were not significantly (p>0.05) influenced by genotypes and poultry manure rate. Poultry manure at 20 and 30 t ha-1 PM reduced the tannin and oxalate compositions, respectively. The study also indicated that juice from the Conventional genotype had lesser phytochemical compositions than KPF-4. Both genotypes were similar in most phytochemical attributes while application of poultry manure at 20-30 t ha-1 enhances these attributes.
Ndukwe, O.O. and Baiyeri, K.P. (2018). Biochemical characterisation of fruit juice from two yellow passion fruit genotypes as influenced by poultry manure rates. Acta Hortic. 1225, 295-302
passion fruit, organic fertilizer, southeastern Nigeria