Benefits, problems and challenges of plant factories with artificial lighting (PFALs): a short review

T. Kozai
The benefits and problems to be solved and challenges for plant factories with artificial lighting (PFALs) are discussed. The benefits include high resource-use efficiency, high annual productivity per unit land area, and production of high-quality plants without using pesticides, regardless of weather. A major problem to be solved is high initial investment and operation costs. Challenges for the next-generation smart PFALs include the introduction of advanced technologies such as artificial intelligence with the use of big data, genomics and phenomics (or methodologies and protocols for noninvasive measurement of plant-specific traits related to plant structure and function).
Kozai, T. (2018). Benefits, problems and challenges of plant factories with artificial lighting (PFALs): a short review. Acta Hortic. 1227, 25-30
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1227.3
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1227.3
artificial intelligence, annual productivity, cultivation system module (CSM), phenotyping, resource-use efficiency (RUE), smart LED lighting system, standardization
English

Acta Horticulturae