Kendu - a promising underutilized forest fruit species for poverty alleviation of tribals
Kendu (Diospyros melanoxylon Roxb.), an underexploited fruit species, is grown as natural wild in the forests and marginal lands of West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh. In West Bengal, it is commonly found in plateau districts of Bankura, Purulia and Paschim Midnapur. Being a highly economical species for the local inhabitants and tribals, it is naturally being protected by them. All the plant parts like bark, leaves, fruits and seeds can be used for different commercial purposes. Fruits are a good source of carbohydrates, calcium, phosphorus and carotene and can prevent malnutrition of tribals. Dried powdered fruit is used as carminative and dried flowers are reported to be useful in urinary, skin and blood diseases. Seeds are prescribed for curing mental disorders, palpitation of heart and nervous breakdown. Leaves are used as raw material of the 'Bidi' industry and West Bengal Tribal Development Co-operative Corporation Limited (WBTDCC) has given top priority in this regard. Due to its immense importance, this crop should be given priority so that it can provide the nutritional security and uplift the socio-economic condition of the poor tribal peoples. Hence, a review of this crop on different aspects of nutritional, medicinal, etc., has been done with a view to exploit this underexploited fruit tree to a maximum extent.
Roy, D., Das, K., Nandi, P., Kundu, S., Ghosh, B. and Sharath, A.A. (2019). Kendu - a promising underutilized forest fruit species for poverty alleviation of tribals. Acta Hortic. 1241, 711-716
nutritional security, socio-economic upliftment, fruits and leaves