Diversity of underutilized vegetable crops in Tripura

T. Bhattacharjee, D. Sen, T.K.S. Irenaeus, S.P. Das, A. Chakraborty
Underutilized vegetables crops play a significant role in food and nutritional security of rural and tribal population of Tripura. Tripura is one of the richest reservoirs of genetic resources of different vegetable crops. More than 60 underutilized vegetables are regularly consumed in the state. These underutilized vegetables include Abelmoschus manihot, Amaranthas spinosus, Amaranthhus tricolor, Alpina galangal, Asparagus recemosus, Alocasia indiaca, Allium tuberosum, Amorphophalus campanulatus, Antidesma acidum, Begonia barbata, Bacopa monnieri, Bambusa tulda, Bauhinia purpurea, Benincasa hispida, Boerrhavia diffusa, Bombax malabarica, Canavalia gladiata, Centella asiatica, Ceratopteris thalicttoides, Chenopodium album, Coccinia indica, Colocasia esculenta, Crotolaria juncea, Cucurbita moschata, Cycas circinalis, Drymaria cordata, Dioscorea alata, D. bulbiferaa, D. pentaphylla, D. esculanta, Dolichos lalblab, Eleocharis dulcis, Enhydra fluctuans, Entada phaceolus, Eryngium foetidum, Euryale ferox, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Ipomoea aquatica, Lannea coromandalica, Melothria heterophylla, Melochina corchorifolia, Mirabilis jalapa, Momordica cochinsinensis, M. charantia var. muricata, Morinda tintoria, Neptunia prostrate, Nelimbo nucifera, Nymphea pubescens, Oxalis corniculata, Parkia roxburghii, Perilla fruitescens, Pueraria tuberose, Premna esculanta, Polycarpon prostratum, Psophocarpus tetragonolobus, Rumex vesicarius, Sagittaria sagittifolia, Sterculia indica, Solanum torvum, S. ferox, S. nigrum, Smilax zyanica, Sesbania grandiflora, Thunbergia grandiflora, Trichosanthes dioca, Typhonium trilobatum, Vigna umguiculata var. sesquipedalis, and Xanthosoma sagittifolium. Many of these crops are abundantly rich in micronutrients and minerals which can help in alleviating the wide spread prevalence of malnutrition. Alpina galangal is a rich source of Mn (1438.49 ppm) and Xanthosoma sagittifolium is a rich source of Vit. A. Besides possessing medicinal properties, these indigenous crops are a source of desirable traits for future crop improvement. Solanum torvum is not infested by brinjal shoot and fruit borer and Abelmoschus manihot is a source of resistane to YVMV. There is also an urgent need to widen the food security basket by incorporation of many minor and underutilized vegetables for both sustainable food and nutritional security. Keeping in view the nutritional and economic value, proper conservation and cultivation practices need to be developed. This paper highlights the different minor vegetable species available in Tripura and their uses.
Bhattacharjee, T., Sen, D., Irenaeus, T.K.S., Das, S.P. and Chakraborty, A. (2019). Diversity of underutilized vegetable crops in Tripura. Acta Hortic. 1241, 121-134
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1241.19
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1241.19
underutilized vegetables, food, nutritional security, Tripura
English

Acta Horticulturae