Integrated management of organic and inorganic nutrient to improve growth, yield and quality of Basella alba

R. Mondal, A. Das, U. Thapa, T. Gupta, S.B. Chattopadhyay
Basella popularly known as Poi or Indian spinach or Malabar nightshade is an underutilized and underexploited indigenous leafy vegetable grown during summer and rainy seasons in India. Being an indigenous vegetable the appropriate nutrient management has not been practiced by the farmers of our country for economical production. The aim of this research work is to find out the organic and inorganic combination of nutrients to boost the yield. In this regard the influence of organic manure with or without recommended dose of chemical fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of Indian spinach (Basella alba) was investigated during 2013-2014 at the Mondouri Horticultural Research Station, BCKV, Mohanpur, Nadia, West Bengal. The field experiment was laid out in randomized block design with 9 treatments viz., T1 – cow dung at 10 t ha-1; T2 – FYM at 10 t ha-1; T3 – cow dung at 5 t ha-1 + 50% of RDF1 (N100 P40 K60 kg ha-1); T4 – cow dung at 5 t ha-1 + 50% of RDF2 (N150 P40 K60 kg ha-1); T5 – FYM at 5 t ha-1 + 50% of RDF1; T6 – FYM at 5 t ha-1 + 50% of RDF2; T7 – 100% RDF1; T8 – 100% RDF2; and T9 – control. Results revealed that increasing doses of nitrogen was found more beneficial in most of the growth and yield attributing parameters. However, for the quality parameter ascorbic acid a decreasing tendency was found with increasing nitrogen fertilization. Among all the treatments FYM along with higher dose of nitrogen has shown best results. A total green yield of 25.10 t ha-1 was obtained from the treatment combination of FYM at 5 t ha-1 + 50% of RDF2.
Mondal, R., Das, A., Thapa, U., Gupta, T. and Chattopadhyay, S.B. (2019). Integrated management of organic and inorganic nutrient to improve growth, yield and quality of Basella alba. Acta Hortic. 1241, 419-422
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1241.61
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1241.61
Basella, integrated, nutrient
English

Acta Horticulturae