New cultivars of high quality nectarines at the Crimea
The Crimea is rich in nectarine genetic resources, with very different characteristics such as time of bloom, early and late ripening and variable fruit quality. The selection of new cultivars is focused on fruit quality, high and stable fruit set and tolerance to biotic and abiotic stress. As a result of the breeding activities three new nectarines cultivars Rubinovy-8, Rubinovy-9 and Krymchanin have been selected. Rubinovy-8 was selected from seedlings of free-pollination peach cultivar Kentavr. Cultivar Rubinovy-9 was selected from seedlings of free-pollination nectarine cultivar Claudia. Cultivar Le Grand was used as mother plant and the hybrid 68-72 as pollen donor plant in our breeding programme, and the Krymchanin cultivar was obtained. Fruits flesh of these cultivars is yellow. The flavor is sub-acidic, sweet and aromatic. The fruits of these cultivars showed good transportability. Resistance to the most important fungal diseases is equal or higher than Super Crimson Gold.
Tsiupka, S., Shoferistov, E. and Ivashchenko, I. (2019). New cultivars of high quality nectarines at the Crimea. Acta Hortic. 1242, 477-482
breeding, new cultivar, fruit quality, hybrids, nectarine