Yield and quality of table beet in function of plant establishment method and production system
Table beet is traditionally established in beds, but in recent years growers' interest in no-tillage systems has increased, mainly due to lower labour force cost and environment benefits provided by this production system. Despite the advantages that a no-tillage system offers, a few difficulties have limited the adoption of this technology by growers, including the cropping system and the genetic material to be used. Therefore, the aim of this work was to evaluate table beet yield compared to the plant establishment method and the production system. The experiment was carried out at the Luciano Ribeiro da Silva Research and Diffusion of Agricultural Technology Foundation in São José do Rio Pardo, São Paulo, Brazil. A complete randomized block design in split-plot was used with five replicates. The plots were the production system (no-tillage and conventional) whereas the subplots were the plant establishment method (direct seeding and transplanting), and the sub subplots, genetic materials ('Rubius' hybrid and 'Tall Top Early Wonder' cultivar). The yield and quality of table beets were influenced by the plant establishment method and the production system interaction and genetic material, respectively. Higher yield 42.9 t ha‑1 was verified in the no-tillage system with direct seeding. Lower incidence of white rings provided hybrid 'Rubius' with higher root quality.
Factor, T.L., Purquerio, L.F.V., de C. Silveira, J.M., Lima, S. and Calori, A.H. (2019). Yield and quality of table beet in function of plant establishment method and production system. Acta Hortic. 1249, 37-42
Beta vulgaris L., seedlings transplant, no-tillage, root quality, sustainability