Onion research and development in Bangladesh - present status, problems, prospects and future strategies
Onion is one of the most important spices/crops of Bangladesh. It is used daily the whole year round in cooking by all Bangladeshi families. Short day brown and red scaled onion cultivars are widely cultivated in Bangladesh. The Spices Research Centre (SRC) of Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Joydebpur, Gazipur and private companies have developed seven high yielding cultivars in Bangladesh. Among them, three cultivars are grown in winter season, three cultivars are grown in summer season and the rest are grown the whole year round. Mass selection method is followed to improve local material/land races. In Bangladesh, scientists are paying attention to develop variety(s) addressing on keeping good quality, purple leaf blotch and thrips tolerant. In addition, scientists are trying to find out cytoplasmic male sterile line for hybrid seed production from indigenous genotypes. However, a remarkable progress was noticed in respect of thrips tolerant onion. Meanwhile, noticeable research achievements were found in the onion sector in Bangladesh. This article highlights on the present status, problems, prospects and research and development of onion in Bangladesh regarding varietal improvement, breeding programs, diseases and insect management, post-harvest handling, etc.
Chowdhury, M.N.A., Khan, M.A., Mozumder, S.N. and Islam, M.S. (2019). Onion research and development in Bangladesh - present status, problems, prospects and future strategies. Acta Hortic. 1251, 201-206
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