Production of bio-degradable mulch film with innovating sowing solutions as the future for agriculture

R. Shine
SAMCO design and manufacture specialist machinery and degradable film for the Agricultural crop market. The Original Samco System acts as mini degradable greenhouse, retaining moisture and heat to reduce germination time and increase early root development. This allows early planting in frost prone areas and therefore lengthens the growing season. We test many formulations every season for: laying capacity/performance crop growth, degradability crop and yield analysis. Tests include data sheet on the following weather conditions: moisture, air temperature, soil temperature, humidity, rain fall, UV levels and wind speed. Samco has developed different types of degradable films to meet the needs best suited for different markets. Each film is developed and tested in our laboratories and in the field before being marketed commercially. New range started is punch planters for rice cultivation. Rice is a very demanding crop in terms of impact on the environment: high quantity of water, herbicides to control weeds and disease are required to reach good yields. Certified biodegradable materials have been broadly tested for use in rice, primarily to control weeds, reducing to zero the herbicides used for the crop. The results obtained from the first two years of extensive trials in the rice growing area of northwestern Italy demonstrated that biodegradable mulches can suppress the growth of weeds, and at the same time reducing the quantity of seeds ha‑1, as well as enabling to reach high yield for a low impact technique. Furthermore, the use of biodegradable mulches is showing some initial results in terms of reduction of pathogens and volume of water. Samco machines sows seed, place fertiliser or nutrients in the soil and lays a thin layer of biodegradable plastic film over the seed bed are develop in computer aided 3D drawing design for new applications according to the customer needs.
Shine, R. (2019). Production of bio-degradable mulch film with innovating sowing solutions as the future for agriculture. Acta Hortic. 1252, 85-92
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1252.11
degradable film, crop, yield, weeds, mulch film, specialist machinery

Acta Horticulturae