Multi-criteria evaluation of sustainable land use in rural areas of northern Vietnam
With the growth of the population in Vietnam, the demand for food is increasing. To fulfil that demand, a sustainable land use strategy is necessary. In northern Vietnam, two communities: Trung Vuong and Tan Duc in the province of Phu Tho were studied. To evaluate the sustainability of land use an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was used, within which 15 sub-criteria were investigated, based on three main criteria: economy, ecology and social aspects. Regarding the evaluation of the main criteria for both groups of respondents, the same ranking was observed: first economy, then ecology and finally sociology. As a result of the evaluation of the sub-criteria by land users, in the first analytical complex (main criteria) the highest priority was revenues/expenses, and the lowest was infrastructure, whereas in the second analytical complex overuse of pesticides and fertilisers had the highest priority, but soil quality was not seen as being problematic. In the third analytical complex, the highest priority for the farmer was social and medical care and the motivation of the farmers, whereas the lowest priority was job opportunity.
Dao, Q.M. and Böhme, M.H. (2019). Multi-criteria evaluation of sustainable land use in rural areas of northern Vietnam. Acta Hortic. 1258, 73-78
analytic hierarchy process (AHP), rural development, land use evaluation