Household expenditure on fruit and vegetables: a case study of rural southwestern Nigeria

R.B. Ibe
In spite of the growing body of evidence highlighting the beneficial effects of consuming fresh fruit and vegetables, their intake is still far below the dietary recommendation of the World Health Organization. In view of this, factors associated with the likelihood of purchase and the amount spent on fruit and vegetables among households in rural southwestern Nigeria were investigated. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 152 households from rural southwestern Nigeria. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on households' socio-economic and demographic characteristics, and expenditure on fruit and vegetables. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the probit model. Results revealed that the majority of the respondents were male (82%), married (83%) and educated (83%), with an average household size of six. Households' expenditure on vegetables (84%) was higher than that on fruit (16%). Household expenditure was greatest for fruit vegetables (52%), leafy vegetables (17%), root and bulb vegetables (15%), tree fruits (9%) and herbaceous fruits (8%). The probit regression estimates revealed that respondents' age, occupation and years of schooling, distance to market and perceived health benefits were closely associated with households' fruit and vegetable expenditure.
Ibe, R.B. (2019). Household expenditure on fruit and vegetables: a case study of rural southwestern Nigeria. Acta Hortic. 1258, 99-106
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1258.14
fruit and vegetables, expenditure, rural households, probit model

Acta Horticulturae