Ensuring quality and safety of horticultural products through the implementation of good agricultural practices (GAP) in Indonesia
The good agricultural practices (GAP) approach aims at applying available knowledge to address environmental, economic and social sustainability dimensions for on-farm production and post-production processes, resulting in safe high quality food. It is very important in the era of globalization, particularly since the ASEAN Economic Community was established at the end of 2015. Within this framework, the ASEAN member countries have developed an ASEAN GAP based on the GLOBALGAP scheme. The alignment between ASEAN GAP and Indo GAP for horticulture products must be done properly to enable Indonesian horticultural products to be sold to the ASEAN market. This paper aims to describe: 1) Indo GAP and its importance to increase the quality and safety of fresh fruit and vegetables; 2) the implementation of GAP in Indonesia, 3) the perspectives of farmers in the implementation of GAP; and 4) the outcomes. Results show that within the country members, ASEAN GAP has had a positive impact on the quality and safety of horticulture products. Indo GAP has been aligned to ASEAN GAP and widely implemented in many areas for many horticultural products. Farmers generally have a positive perspective in implementing GAP, even although it is complicated in some cases. The positive impact from farmers arises from improved productivity and higher returns. To gain benefits from the use of Indo GAP, a broad training program for farmers seems to be important to convey a greater understanding of the definitions, criteria and methods.
Arsanti, I.W. and Böhme, M.H. (2019). Ensuring quality and safety of horticultural products through the implementation of good agricultural practices (GAP) in Indonesia. Acta Hortic. 1258, 31-36
GAP, safety, horticulture, quality criteria