Study of natural habitats of fruit species in the region of the village Stanchov Han, Northern Bulgaria

M. Nesheva, Y. Marinov, V. Bozhkova
A study of the region of the village Stanchov Han and surrounding villages was conducted for the period 2009-2017. The whole area is approximately 530 ha. During the investigation wild apple species Malus sylvestris Mill., M. dasyphylla Borkh., M. praecox (Pall.) Borkh. and wild pear species Pyrus pyraster Burgsd., P. amygdaliformis Vill., Pyrus nivalis Jacq. and Pyrus elaeagrifolia were determined. These species were located up to 750 m altitude. The region, subject of that research was also rich in other wild species such as Prunus avium L., Prunus domestica L., Prunus cerasifera Ehrh. and others. Single trees of the old local apple cultivars ‘Kantarka’, ‘Yovovka’, ‘Vlashka’, ‘Skrinyanka’ and others were found. In the observed villages there were also found old local pear cultivars – ‘Lyatna krusha’, ‘Vodnik’ and others, plum cultivars like ‘Kyustendilska sinya sliva’, ‘Karadzhejka’ and myrobalan local cultivars ‘Chervena afuzka’ and ‘Zhalta afuzka’. Most of the trees were over 60-70 years old. The identified wild species and local cultivars could be used for fruit breeding or organic fruit production. Their fruits are suitable for fresh consumption and preparation of traditional healthy foods. Such a production could be very attractive for the tourists and would help develop that business in the area.
Nesheva, M., Marinov, Y. and Bozhkova, V. (2019). Study of natural habitats of fruit species in the region of the village Stanchov Han, Northern Bulgaria. Acta Hortic. 1259, 7-12
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1259.2
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1259.2
local cultivar, wild species, fruits
English

Acta Horticulturae