In vitro establishment and culture of Caucasian whorthleberry (Vaccinium arctostaphylos L.)
Caucasian whorthleberry (Vaccinium arctostaphylos L.) is an in Bulgaria protected tertiary relict species, included in the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention, App. I) in the list of rare, threatened and endemic plants in Europe, and in the Red Data Book of Bulgaria. It is distributed in an almost continuous area of the South Black Sea coast (in Strandzha and Pontic mountains) and in the Great and Lesser Caucasus mountains. In Iran and Caucasus, the infusion of shoots and leaves are used as anticancer, antioxidant, and as a cardioprotective agent. The high content in phenolic compounds in fruits is associated with potential health benefits. The aim of the present study was to develop a protocol for in vitro propagation of Caucasian whorthleberry. Different cultural media based on both WPM or DKW formulations with different cytokinins (BAP or 2-isopentenyladenine or meta-topolin) have been involved in the experiment. It was found that both basal media were good for cultivation of Caucasian whorthleberry but the best result was obtained with a combination (1:1) of two basal growth media.
Nacheva, L.R. and Kamburov, I.Z. (2019). In vitro establishment and culture of Caucasian whorthleberry (Vaccinium arctostaphylos L.). Acta Hortic. 1259, 149-154
caucasian blueberry, micropropagation, shoot culture, nodal segments