Phenotypic variability of wild plum fruits (Prunus spinosa L.) in genotypes from spontaneous flora in southern Oltenia, Romania

S. Cosmulescu, F.C. Gavrilă Călușaru
Blackthorn (Prunus spinosa L.) germplasm from two different sites in Oltenia region, located in the southwestern part of Romania, was evaluated to determine the variability and to identify promising types. A total of 30 genotypes were evaluated and considerable genetic variation in the measured traits was found. The fruit weight and pulp percentage of these genotypes ranged from 0.99 to 3.90 g, and 73.68 to 92.50%, respectively. The height of the fruit ranging from 9.96 mm, value attributed to a genotype belonging to Gura Vaii population, and 16.60 mm to a genotype of Calopar population. The large diameter of the fruit ranged between 9.62 and 17.09 mm. The current study shows that there is a great variability between genotypes of the areas surveyed, in terms of fruit characteristics under the same ecological conditions, and these genotypes could be important from the fruit and vegetable point of view.
Cosmulescu, S. and Gavrilă Călușaru , F.C. (2019). Phenotypic variability of wild plum fruits (Prunus spinosa L.) in genotypes from spontaneous flora in southern Oltenia, Romania. Acta Hortic. 1259, 35-42
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1259.7
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1259.7
Prunus spinosa L., genotypes, fruits traits, diversity
English

Acta Horticulturae