The productivity of some southern highbush and rabbiteye blueberry cultivars under Turkey conditions
Turkey has the northern highbush blueberry cultivation and the harvest begins at the end of June or at the beginning of the July and ends at the end of the July. We aimed to prolong the harvest period with southern highbush (SHB) and rabbiteye (R) blueberry cultivars. In the present study southern highbush (Vaccinium corymbosum) and rabbiteye (Vaccinium ashei) blueberry cultivars have been achieved and evaluated in the conditions of the Black Sea Region-Turkey. Five southern highbush (Misty, Ozarkblue, ONeil, Jubilee and Sharpblue) and four rabbiteye (Climax, Powderblue, Tifblue and Austin) blueberry cultivars were tried for early and/or late harvesting. However, phenology, bush and flower number, berry weight, berry diameter, yield and some berry characteristics (TSS and acidity) of the cultivars were also determined. Misty was the earliest cultivar (bud burst at 7 January and first harvest at 16 May) while Tifblue was the latest (bud burst at 3 March and first harvest at 15 June). Tifblue had the biggest berry weight (2.85 g) while Austin had the highest yield (892.31 g bush‑1). ONeil, Tifblue and Climax gave the largest berry while others were medium. We proved that southern highbush blueberry showed earliness and rabbiteye blueberry cultivars (Climax and Powderblue) prolonged the harvest period till the end of August.
Celik, H. (2019). The productivity of some southern highbush and rabbiteye blueberry cultivars under Turkey conditions. Acta Hortic. 1265, 11-18
Vaccinium corymbosum, Vaccinium ashei, phenology, bush and berry characteristics, yield