Small fruit breeding tendencies in Lithuania: a review
Small fruit growing in northern countries presents specific challenges NDASH cold and frost resistance, short vegetation period, low yield and berry quality. Horticultural plant breeding has been the major activity at the Institute of Horticulture LAMMC, focused on black currant (Ribes nigrum), strawberry (Fragaria annanassa; Fragaria vesca) raspberry (Rubus idaeus) and other. Research is concentrated on plant development and biotechnology applications aimed at ensuring high quality of propagation material for fruit plant production practices. The breeding program of small fruit plants involves the conventional and interspecific hybridization, in vitro techniques, usage of molecular markers for early diagnosis of important traits. The availability of genetically diverse germplasm is an important basis for successful breeding of plant cultivars. The laboratory of cryobiology was recently established to long-term preservation of horticultural and ornamental plant genetic resources. Recently new cultivars and promising hybrids of small fruits were released.
Sasnauskas, A., Rugienius, R., Mazeikiene, I., Bendokas, V. and Stanys, V. (2019). Small fruit breeding tendencies in Lithuania: a review. Acta Hortic. 1265, 225-232
Ribes, Rubus, Fragaria, cultivars, hybrids