Flower bud formation in the strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) planting materials grown on different locations
In strawberry production, the sustainability of the increasing trend and fulfilling the complete potential, expanding the harvesting period of has great importance. For this purpose, the better understanding of the flower bud formation in the strawberry cultivars from different background and determination of plating material types and planting dates are required. We investigated meristems coming from different locations (Amasya = high elevation and Antakya = low elevation) and sampled in four different dates (1 September, 15 September, 1 October and 15 October) using Cal Giant3, Camarosa, Festival, Kabarla and Sweet Charlie cultivars; 2). During the investigation of the meristems, five plants of each of the high and low land locations mother, and daughter plants and plug planting material was observed. The plug planting materials produced in the low and high land locations were planted on the planting dates of 1 September, 15 September, 1 October and 15 October and the fruits were subjected to the pomological analyses for Camarosa and Festival. The planting dates had statistically significant differences for Festival. Although there were some statistically significant differences among the pomological traits tested, constant patterns for all periods and cultivars resulted from either planting material type or planting dates was not recovered. The results indicated that to increase the early yield in strawberry production, studies targeting to identify cultivars with low chilling requirement which could form flower buds under less favorable conditions may result in more advantageous results.
Şahin, E., Gündüz, K. and Serçe, S. (2019). Flower bud formation in the strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) planting materials grown on different locations. Acta Hortic. 1265, 315-318
flower bud, strawberry, earliness, Fragaria × ananassa, plug, high elevation, low elevation