Acculturation of alternative agricultural techniques and deforestation in Moramanga area, Madagascar

J.N. Andrianaivoarimanga, L. Ravelonarivo, R.A. Andriamifaly, S. Ramananarivo, R. Ramananarivo
In the past, Moramanga was in the heart of the great eastern forest, but the deforestation that is rapidly advancing has left only vestiges. Agricultural intensification is at the forefront of alternative solutions to reverse the steam. However, forms of deforestation continue to rage. It is therefore intriguing to know how farmers react to vulgarized agricultural techniques. This study was carried out in the district of Moramanga, Madagascar. Technical analyses of the variables related to farming lead to the determination of two modes of acculturation with the farmers: i) technical mode and ii) mode of production. Farmers have selective acculturation of vulgarized techniques. Agricultural acculturation and rice auto-sufficiency of farmers improve and excel at maximum levels during project support. Weaning from the resilience tutor is the trigger for a recession spiral. This situation puts farmers in a survival situation; they are forced to adopt an emergency strategy and to attack forest resources, hence deforestation rate increases in spite of agricultural intensification projects. A reflection on the optimum duration of the project cycle deserves to be initiated; otherwise, efforts to conserve natural resources would remain volatile.
Andrianaivoarimanga, J.N., Ravelonarivo, L., Andriamifaly, R.A., Ramananarivo, S. and Ramananarivo, R. (2020). Acculturation of alternative agricultural techniques and deforestation in Moramanga area, Madagascar. Acta Hortic. 1267, 153-158
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2020.1267.24
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2020.1267.24
resilience, project, degradation, intensification, production, forest
English

Acta Horticulturae