Diversity and abundance of plant species in homestead and its role in food security
Home gardens are rich in species diversity and are often the sites for on farm conservation of many indigenous crop species having unique food value and being strongly associated with cultural values. The study aims to explore the importance and roles of home gardens in the livelihoods of rural people in the three districts of West Bengal, India. Thirty households randomly chosen were visited and interviewed. Results indicated that home gardens were a reliable source of dietary diversity for family members. The land size varied between 0.14 and 0.96 ha. We recorded 21 species of commercial and underutilized fruits, 26 species of vegetables, 9 species of spices, 12 species of medicinal plants, 16 species of ornamentals, 3 species of fodders and 35 species of different cereals, pulses, oil seeds, and other cultural use crops in homestead. The diversified species in homestead not only supply food but also provides potential food security to the household. Agro-biodiversity is clearly linked to dietary habits to the semi-subsistence feature of these farming systems.
Mitra, S.K., Pathak, P.K., Majhi, D., Lembisana Devi, H. and Thingreingam Irenaus, K.S. (2020). Diversity and abundance of plant species in homestead and its role in food security. Acta Hortic. 1267, 181-186
homestead, biodiversity, food security