History of viticulture and wine making in Midwest USA
Early settlers in what is now the United States of America desired to grow grapes and make wine. Many challenges made establishment of a wine industry difficult, especially as the midwestern states were colonized, including extremes of temperature, phylloxera and fungal diseases such as powdery mildew, black rot and downy mildew. The difficulties faced and addressed by ten Midwest states are discussed in this article and the subsequent development of their respective grape and wine industries is presented.
Read, P.E., Loseke, B.A. and Gamet, S.J. (2020). History of viticulture and wine making in Midwest USA. Acta Hortic. 1274, 103-108
hybrids, grape breeding, phylloxera, fungal diseases, westward expansion