Australian tropical fruits: a source of distinctive flavours
Australia is home to 10% of the world's flora and of these approximately 7% are indigenous. Australian tropical rainforests in North Queensland have a high level of biodiversity and contain hundreds of edible plant species. This includes many indigenous tropical fruit species that are a source of unique flavours. Some of them are used in local boutique industries and beverages but there is potential for more to have a wider usage worldwide. These fruits will be presented in two categories: tree fruits and vine fruits. Indigenous tropical tree fruits include: five Citrus species, seven Garcinia species, Syzygiums, Diploglottis, and native plum species. Terminalia ferdinandiana or kakadu plum has one hundred times the content of vitamin C that is found in Citrus species and has been measured as high as 5,300 mg 100 g‑1 of fresh weight. Vine fruits include species of Curcubitaceae, Rosaceae, Solonaceae and Vitaceae.
Drew, R.A. and Bailey, R. (2020). Australian tropical fruits: a source of distinctive flavours. Acta Hortic. 1274, 41-56
rainforest, climate, biodiversity, beverages