New sustainable approach for historical garden restoration: the case study of Ludwig Winter's Gardens in Liguria Region
Historical gardens are classified as living monuments, which require special and specific rules and protection measures. Preserving and restoring historical gardens is particularly complex and some of them are not recognizable due to the lack of knowledge, low management and the impact of plant pest and diseases over the previous years. Between 1868 and 1912 in Liguria Region, the gardener and nurseryman Ludwig Winter designed and realized several gardens characterized by a collection of exotic and rare plants. Nowadays, several major, lethal diseases have attacked palms in Liguria Region contributing to change landscape and gardens' structure. With the aim to propose guidelines for historical garden restoration, able to combine historical features with new needs, a research project was performed. In the current study, two gardens of Winter were considered for restoration. Firstly, to identify historical permanences (varieties and species cultivated, ornamental, compositional and architectural features) a study was carried out. Documents relating to Winter's projects including plans, notes and his correspondence were collected and studied. This project allowed to find and recognize many botanical species of exotic plants collected by Winter. These elements, combined with Winter's compositional features and design intentions defined the restoration process. The analysis gives information concerning various species presently neglected, allowing to increase the garden's biodiversity and local plant market. For ensuring a sustainable approach, creating a network between historical gardens and nurseries is considered an opportunity and a challenge.
Gullino, P., Devecchi, M. and Larcher, F. (2020). New sustainable approach for historical garden restoration: the case study of Ludwig Winter's Gardens in Liguria Region. Acta Hortic. 1279, 9-14
botanical collection, sustainability, heritage, garden, palms