'UFV Arano', 'UFV Deno' and 'UFV Guato' - early ripening peach cultivars for mild climates
The peach breeding program of Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV) aims to develop cultivars adapted to low chilling winter and with good fruit quality for the fresh market. The described cultivars were selected among progeny UFV 109. In 1986 the peach Alô doçura was crossed with nectarine Colombina, generating progeny UFV 886. From that progeny was selected the plant UFV 886-883. From this plant, seeds were collected after open pollination in 2003, generating the progeny UFV 2003. From this progeny, the plant UFV 2003-3 was selected and crossed with Tropic Beauty in 2009, generating progeny UFV 109. The present genotypes (UFV 109-8, UFV 109-13 and UFV 109-14) were selected and named respectively UFV Arano, UFV Deno and UFV Guato. The three selections grafted on Okinawa rootstock have medium to high vigor and very low chilling requirement. The fruits of UFV Arano are large, with white melting pulp and the skin with yellow orange ground color covered by anthocyanin. The pulp is non-adherent to the stone and has medium sugar content and medium acidity. The fruits of UFV Deno are of medium size, with red melting flesh and skin with yellow ground color covered by anthocyanin. The pulp is non-adherent to the stone. The fruits of UFV Guato are of medium size, with cream white melting pulp and the skin with yellow orange ground color strongly covered by anthocyanin. The pulp is semi-adherent to the stone. The fruits of the three cultivars become ripe very early. The cultivars will be important for early peach production in mild climate areas in Brazil.
Bruckner, C.H., Santos, C.E.M., Silva, D.F.P. and Silva, J.O.C. (2020). 'UFV Arano', 'UFV Deno' and 'UFV Guato' - early ripening peach cultivars for mild climates. Acta Hortic. 1280, 179-182
Prunus persica, breeding, cultivar release, low chilling requirement