Current situation of carob in Turkey
Carob (Ceratonia siliqua L) is a typical fruit species for the Mediterranean climate. It is important environmentally and economically in marginal areas. Trees are well adapted to dry conditions, grow in a wide range of soil types and have some important features such as rusticity, drought and fire tolerance. Turkey has a rich natural carob population in the Mediterranean and the Aegean basin. Mersin, Antalya, Adana, Burdur and Osmaniye are some of the most important carob production provinces in the Mediterranean region. On the other hand, carob can be grown only in Mugla province in the Aegean region. In Turkey, carob is considered as a typical forest tree. Therefore, its cultivation is still of a minor importance. At present, degraded, uncultivated, state and private property lands are subjected to private cultivation studies in accordance with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry project. Therefore, cultivation of carob has gained popularity and new orchards have been established in Mersin, Antalya and Adana. In this study, the latest improvements of carob cultivation in Turkey are discussed. Carob growing areas in Turkey have continued to increase over the past 11 years. The total carob production areas in 2007 were 272 ha and at present they have reached 673.5 ha. Although the areas have increased, the total production remains 15,016 t. Trees are used for ornamental landscaping, windbreaks and afforestation in Turkey. Pods are used as animal feed and human food. Ground powdered pods are used as flavouring in cakes, bread, sweets, ice creams, tea bag, etc. And seeds are for locust bean gum production. The range of carob products is expected to increase in Turkey.
Guler, G. and Gubbuk, H. (2020). Current situation of carob in Turkey. Acta Hortic. 1280, 247-254
Ceratonia siliqua, Mediterranean region, production, pod and seed