'Venice', a new Brazilian apple cultivar from Epagri
The apple SCS426 Venice was developed by Santa Catarina State Agricultural Research and Rural Extension Agency (Epagri) and is the result of a cross between Epagri 404-Imperatriz and Epagri 406-Baronesa. It has medium cold requirement, high resistance to glomerella leaf spot, fruits have long cold storage, high visual and organoleptic quality. The objective of this work was to evaluate the agronomic performance of Venice in São Joaquim - Santa Catarina State. The work was carried out through the crop seasons 2011/2012 until 2017/2018. The trees were planted in 2009, and grafted on G.814, with 1×4 m spacing. Venice was compared to Fuji Suprema and Galaxy. The dates of occurrence of the main phenological stages, yield tree‑1 and the physicochemical characteristics of fruit were evaluated. Considering the general behavior through the years, Venice began budbreak on August 16, an average of 15 days before Galaxy and Fuji Suprema. Likewise, its flowering occurred between August 31 and September 25, while its harvest occurred in the second half of March, between Galaxy and Fuji Suprema. Venice produced an average 21 kg tree‑1 and 35 t ha‑1, with a cumulative yield 30% higher than the others cultivars evaluated. Regarding quality indexes, at harvest, Venice showed an average of 64% red color in a bicolor pattern, 13 °Brix, acidity of 62 Meq L‑1 and flesh firmness of 87 N. Its fruits are sweet, well balanced, firm, crisp and juicy, which makes Venice an option for diversification of apple cultivars in Brazil.
Brighenti, A.F., Pasa, M.S., Ciotta, M.N., Katsurayama, J.M., Kvitschal, M.V., Hawerroth, M.C. and Couto, M. (2020). 'Venice', a new Brazilian apple cultivar from Epagri. Acta Hortic. 1281, 33-40
Malus × domestica Borkh, apple breeding, medium chilling requirement, resistance to glomerella leaf spot