In vitro regeneration of saffron in the world
Crocus sativus L. known as saffron is one of the important crop due to its medicinal and aromatic properties. This species distributed across the Mediterranean basin. Stigmas of the saffron are used as spice in different industry for instance dye, medicine and cuisine industry. Important producers of saffron are Iran, Spain, India, Greece in the world. Saffron is male sterile plant thus corms are produced by daughter corms and tissue culture techniques. Breeding is nearly impossible for this species because of male sterility. Therefore, tissue culture methods such as micropropagation, somatic embryogenesis, organogenesis are very effective for clonal propagation of saffron. Moreover, in vitro mutation breeding, nuclear fusion, gene transformation are an alternative method to develop new cultivars and breeding for saffron. Most of the studies are focused on organogenesis of saffron to obtain mass production. In this review, tissue culture researches are investigated in detail for saffron.
Sevindik, B., Kırıcı, S. and Yalçın Mendi , Y. (2020). In vitro regeneration of saffron in the world. Acta Hortic. 1287, 463-470
Crocus sativus, spice, stigma, production, tissue culture